Pacific Stage Lines Bus No. 63 1937 Hayes-Anderson PCT-32 “Teardrop”
#63 was manufactured by local truck and bus builder Hayes-Anderson in 1937. It was one of 17 PCT-32s built between 1936 and 1937. Before the Second World War, they were the pride of the fleet, but such was the advancement of vehicle technology during the conflict, they were decidedly ‘old fashioned’ when peace returned. They were demoted to second-tier service as newer vehicles arrived. #63 was withdrawn from service in 1951 and donated to the Vancouver Fire Department to be converted into an emergency rescue vehicle. Later, it became a canteen for firefighters. In the early ’80s, it was replaced by another vehicle and returned to BC Transit, which restored it to operating condition. Remarkable as it may seem, #63 is the world’s only Hayes-Anderson bus known to be in operating condition.
BC Electric Railway Bus No. 2040 1947 Canadian Car-Brill T44
2040 is the only survivor of the first and second batches of trolley coaches purchased by the BC Electric Railway in 1947 and 1948. These were the vehicles that ushered in Vancouver’s trolleybus era with the ‘rails-to-rubber’ campaign. There were a total of 82 44-seat vehicles purchased before the company standardized on the larger, higher-capacity T48. Some of these earlier buses were disposed of at a young age in 1962, due to a downturn in ridership and their lower seating capacity. Ten of them were sold to Edmonton, while the rest were scrapped. The province’s last T44 trolleybus was retired by the BC Hydro & Power Authority in 1976. #2040 joined the now-defunct BC Transportation Museum. After spending some years in inoperable condition, 2040 has been fully restored to operating condition and sees occasional use in TRAMS excursions.
BC Electric Railway Bus No. M852 1947 Twin Coach 41S
To assist with the “rails-to-rubber” conversion program of the late 1940s/early 1950s, the British Columbia Electric Railway acquired a large number of gasoline-engined Twin Coaches. By 1950, models 34S, 38S, 41S, 44S and 44D were represented on the company’s roster. The BCER numbering scheme identified motor buses with the “M” prefix, to distinguish them as oddities in what was at the time a much larger electric fleet. The “8” signified a bus assigned to the North Vancouver, where rail service succumbed to buses in 1947. The Twin Coaches were the dominant type of motor bus in the B.C. Electric and B. C. Hydro fleets throughout the 1950s and progressively retired through the late 1960s when GM diesels were acquired in large numbers.
Horizon Coach Lines (Vancouver) Bus No. 101 1947 Canadian Car-Brill IC-41 (No longer owned)
Canadian Car & Foundry licensed this design from American Car & Foundry in the early post-World War II period. As the company’s most popular post-war intercity coach, they were often seen throughout North America. Our example was built in 1947 by the Canadian company but is virtually identical to its U.S. cousins. It provided Pacific Stage Lines’ front line service as #228, and later #6228, until the arrival of MCI Coaches in the early ’60s. It was then sold to Horizon Coach Lines and renumbered #101, serving them as a charter bus until the late ’70s or early ’80s. After its retirement, it was neglected and left to sit outside, falling into a state of disrepair. We acquired it in 2006 with the intention to restore it to operating condition, but decades of neglect had taken their toll on the coach and caused severe structural damage. Update: In October, 2020 #6228 (#101) left (on a truck) for a journey to New York State. It was purchased by an enthusiast as a “parts bus” for his own ACF/Brill coach. Though not the fate we would have wished, it was the best we could have hoped for. The Transit Museum Society did not have the resources (financial and otherwise) to restore the coach.
BC Hydro Transit Bus No. 2416 1954 Canadian-Car Brill T48A
Canadian Car-Brill T48A #2416 was the last trolley coach purchased new by the B. C. Electric Railway. Longer and wider than the earlier T44, it featured a higher seating capacity of 48; most were modified to have single offside seats to accommodate more standees than previous coaches. It was also one of the last trolleybuses built by Canadian Car in Fort William, Ontario. Built in 1954 and retired in 1984, it is preserved today in the livery of the B.C. Hydro and Power Authority, the successor to BC Electric. #2416 often appears at TransLink events, the most recent being the 70th anniversary celebration of trolleybus service in 2018 and the launch of the battery-electric bus trial on Route 100 in 2019.
BC Hydro Transit & BCER Buses #3404 & #3405 1957 Canadian Car-Brill CD52A
#3404 was built in 1957 and retired from regular service in Vancouver in 1977. It was then repainted and operated until 1981 as a “Shoppers’ bus,” then retired again. It was moved to Victoria where it briefly operated again on a shoppers’ service sponsored by the Victoria Chamber of Commerce, while owned by the Victoria Electric Railway Association. Falling into disuse, it was donated to TRAMS on July 14, 1999. 3404 is finished in BC Hydro’s popular livery introduced in the early ’60s.
Like its sibling, #3405 was built in 1957, retired from regular service in Vancouver in 1977, repainted and operated until 1981 as a “Shoppers’ bus,” retired again, moved to Victoria where it briefly operated as a shoppers’ bus sponsored by the Victoria Chamber of Commerce while owned by the Victoria Electric Railway Association, and donated to TRAMS on July 14, 1999. #3405 is finished in BC Electric’s all-over cream livery it was originally delivered in. The two buses are equipped with British-made A.E.C. “Pancake” diesel engines – a horizontally-laid version of the engine used in London’s famous red double-deckers.
BC Electric Railway Bus No. 730 1957 General Motors TDH-4512 (converted)
Originally serving in Victoria and later Powell River, Mission and other small communities in B.C., #730 retired from service in 1986 as BC Transit #642, bearing the red, white and blue livery applied to their buses between 1982 and 2008, and was exhibited at Expo 86 following its retirement. It was then restored externally and converted to a mobile theatre and public relations vehicle for transit’s Centennial Celebration in 1990. Known as an “Old Look,” this American-built coach was available between the late ’30s and 1959, when it was superseded by the “New Look” or “Fishbowl” as exemplified by #4612 and #4107. Before the early ’60s, GM coaches were not very popular in Vancouver, being mainly used in Victoria. When the Bureau of Transit Services expanded bus services in 1974, used buses similar to this model were bought second-hand from operators in California. Most recently, #730’s interior was renovated. The formerly dark interior was brightened up with new paint and LED lighting, made easier to move around in with the removal of original seats, and the timeline mounted on the bus’s walls was updated to reflect the history of transit in Metro Vancouver from its beginnings to the present day.
BC Transit Bus No. 678 1959 General Motors TDH-4512
Last serving Prince George before its retirement in the mid-’80s, #678 was originally delivered new to Victoria as #740. After it was sold in 1987, it ended up in the hands of a private owner and returned to Vancouver Island before being left to sit off the Patricia Bay Highway in the early ’90s. In the early 2000s, #678 returned to the mainland and eventually fell into the hands of 911 Filmcars in New Westminster. It supposedly ran and drove onto the trailer on which it would be brought onto the ferry and across the Georgia Straight. In December of 2018, movie vehicle rental company 911 Filmcars contacted TRAMS with an offer to donate #678 which would otherwise have been scrapped; an offer that was obviously accepted. We are relieved to have found that it is structurally sound after a thorough inspection, although its mechanical state is yet to be determined.
BC Hydro Transit Bus No. 4612 1964 General Motors TDH-4519
Even though GM vehicles were heavily featured in BC Electric’s (later BC Hydro’s) fleet in the rest of the province, the Vancouver division mostly standardized on Twin Coach and Canadian Car buses. Only in 1964, five years after its introduction to the North American market, did a ‘Fishbowl’ (or ‘New Look’) become part of the Lower Mainland fleet. In this case, BC Hydro had succeeded BC Electric, and purchased 16 such buses for its North Vancouver services. 4612 later served in Burnaby and Surrey on low-ridership routes due to its shorter length of 35 feet.
BC Hydro Transit Bus No. 2649 1976 Flyer E800 “Triesel” trolley wire deicer
The plan sounded as though it would work: build brand-new coaches with old powertrains recycled from scrapped Brill trolleys, some of which were nearly three decades old. What resulted were buses whose modern appearance wrote checks their old and tired powertrains couldn’t cash. After the E900-series trolleys (with brand-new powertrains) were delivered and placed into service in the ’80s, BC Transit quickly got to work on these coaches, replacing the decades-old electric drivetrains with newer, more potent diesel ones. Our example is one of two with their trolley collection equipment retained and modified to deice trolley wire. It was last used by Coast Mountain Bus Company for deicing in 2008. It has since been stripped of deicing equipment, having been superseded by brand-new dedicated deicing trucks.
BC Transit Bus No. 4107 1982 General Motors T6H-5307N “Hillclimber”
‘Fishbowl:’ GM would introduce the fifth generation, named Classic, with a major facelift in 1983, though existing ‘Fishbowl’ orders would be produced into 1986 instead of having Classics built in their place. Our example is called a ‘Hillclimber’ because of its turbocharged Detroit Diesel 6V92TA engine and low transmission gearing; the “N” suffix on its model number signifies its lack of air conditioning. #4107 was purchased for North Vancouver, and later ran from Burnaby, Surrey and Port Coquitlam. It was finally retired by Coast Mountain Bus Company in 2007 after spending some time in storage. It currently serves as our own reindeer bus every holiday season.